Osteoarthritis is a chronic disease with degenerative changes of the joints. Osteoarthritis prominently causes disability and sinks the quality of life. Usually seen in elderly population but now a days seen even in younger generation.
Ayurveda considers Sandhivata ( osteo arthritis) seen in during the Vatha predominant life stage, that is old age. Vata having the qualities like dryness and lightness brings about depletion of the cartilage in the joints. This causes friction between joints leading to pain and restricted joint movement and disturbs the major weight-bearing joints, like the hips and knees, and also hands, feet, and spine.
Causative factors responsible for the vitiation of Vata like excessive consumption of dry food, consuming less food, late night work, excessive physical work / exercise, excessive travelling, suppressing natural urges, exposing to excessive cold and dry weather, stress. Ayurvedic therapies for arthritic conditions are always customised. Osteoarthritis is manageable fairly than curable. The detoxification & palliative line of treatments are usually planned depending on the stage or progression of the disease. The goal of the treatment here would be to reduce the symptoms, delay or prevent progression of the degeneration of joints further, minimize disability, and improve the quality of life.
The treatments may be Janu basti (a form of oleation on the joints) Lepa (medicinal paste application on joints) Dhara ( pouring of medicinal liquids or oils ) Virechana (detoxification) Vasti’s (cleansing or nourishing enemas of medicinal decoctions or oils); various fomentation procedures like Patra pinda sweda, Nadi sweda, Rasayana therapies and oral medications. Suitable diet and lifestyle advise which helps in maintaining healthy body weight also needs to be a part of the treatment.
This article is intended for education and awareness purpose only. Ayurveda medications, advise & treatments are always individualised. We recommend you take advice from an experienced Ayurveda doctor